Research and Innovation in Egypt
Egypt has been a fertile ground for science and scientists for thousands of years; and you do not have to look hard for evidence. Egypt possesses one of the most developed and diversified economies in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal production levels.
Research communities in Egypt exist in universities, governmental institutions, private sector and NGOs. There are 22 Government universities, 33 private universities and 187 research centres and institutes, with 11 of them affiliated with the Ministry of Scientific Research and Technology. These entities cover all fields of science and technology; such as the National Research Centre, Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute, the Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute. Moreover, there are many specialized research institutes existing in other ministries such as the Agriculture Research Centre, affiliated with the Ministry of Agriculture.